Canada values reunification of family members. According to Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) one of the objectives for immigration is Family reunification. Because of this objective thousands of people immigrate to Canada under “Family Class” program every year. According to Minster’s annual report to the Parliament more than 65000 people immigrated to Canada under this class in 2009. This number accounts for 26% of the total number of immigrants in that year.

I have already written some articles about immigration under Family Class. Click the following links to read them.

In this article I would like to go deeper and list the sections of Federal laws and regulations that are directly related to this class of immigrants.

IRPA – Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (2001, c.27)

For the complete text of IRPA click here.

Objectives

s.3(1) The objectives of this Act with respect to immigration are
(d) to see that families are reunited in Canada;

If Sponsor Does not Meet the Requirements

s.11(2) The officer may not issue a visa or other document to a foreign national whose sponsor does not meet the sponsorship requirements of this Act.

Family Reunification

s.12(1) A foreign national may be selected as a member of the family class on the basis of their relationship as the spouse, common-law partner, child, parent or other prescribed family member of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.

Right to sponsor family member

s.13(1) A Canadian citizen or permanent resident may, subject to the regulations, sponsor a foreign national who is a member of the family class.

Sponsor’s Obligation

s.13(3) An undertaking relating to sponsorship is binding on the person who gives it.

Inadmissible family member

s.(42) A foreign national, other than a protected person, is inadmissible on grounds of an inadmissible family member if

(a) their accompanying family member or, in prescribed circumstances, their non-accompanying family member is inadmissible; or

(b) they are an accompanying family member of an inadmissible person.

Right to appeal — visa refusal of family class

s.63(1) A person who has filed in the prescribed manner an application to sponsor a foreign national as a member of the family class may appeal to the Immigration Appeal Division against a decision not to issue the foreign national a permanent resident visa.

Other IRPA Provisions Related to Family Class

Sections 33 to 38 discuss inadmissibility grounds. Subsection 38(2) explains exceptions to inadmissibility due to excessive demand. Click here for the text of these sections.

IRPR – Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (SOR/2002-227)

For the complete text of IRPR click here.

Definition – Common-law Partner

s.1(1) “common-law partner” means, in relation to a person, an individual who is cohabiting with the person in a conjugal relationship, having so cohabited for a period of at least one year.

Interpretation — common-law partner

s.1(2) For the purposes of the Act and these Regulations, an individual who has been in a conjugal relationship with a person for at least one year but is unable to cohabit with the person, due to persecution or any form of penal control, shall be considered a common-law partner of the person.

Definition of “family member”

s.1(3) For the purposes of the Act, other than section 12 and paragraph 38(2)(d), and for the purposes of these Regulations, other than sections 159.1 and 159.5, “family member” in respect of a person means

(a) the spouse or common-law partner of the person;
(b) a dependent child of the person or of the person’s spouse or common-law partner; and
(c) a dependent child of a dependent child referred to in paragraph (b).

Definition – Conjugal Partner

s.2 “conjugal partner” means, in relation to a sponsor, a foreign national residing outside Canada who is in a conjugal relationship with the sponsor and has been in that relationship for a period of at least one year.

Definition – Dependent Child

s.2 “dependent child”, in respect of a parent, means a child who

(a) has one of the following relationships with the parent, namely,

(i) is the biological child of the parent, if the child has not been adopted by a person other than the spouse or common-law partner of the parent, or

(ii) is the adopted child of the parent; and

(b) is in one of the following situations of dependency, namely,

(i) is less than 22 years of age and not a spouse or common-law partner,

(ii) has depended substantially on the financial support of the parent since before the age of 22 — or if the child became a spouse or common-law partner before the age of 22, since becoming a spouse or common-law partner — and, since before the age of 22 or since becoming a spouse or common-law partner, as the case may be, has been a student

(A) continuously enrolled in and attending a post-secondary institution that is accredited by the relevant government authority, and

(B) actively pursuing a course of academic, professional or vocational training on a full-time basis, or

(iii) is 22 years of age or older and has depended substantially on the financial support of the parent since before the age of 22 and is unable to be financially self-supporting due to a physical or mental condition.

Definition – Relative

s.2 “relative” means a person who is related to another person by blood or adoption.

Bad faith – Spouse, Common-Law, Conjugal Partner

s.4(1) For the purposes of these Regulations, a foreign national shall not be considered a spouse, a common-law partner or a conjugal partner of a person if the marriage, common-law partnership or conjugal partnership

(a) was entered into primarily for the purpose of acquiring any status or privilege under the Act; or

(b) is not genuine.

Bad Faith – Adopted children

s.4(2) A foreign national shall not be considered an adopted child of a person if the adoption

(a) was entered into primarily for the purpose of acquiring any status or privilege under the Act; or

(b) did not create a genuine parent-child relationship.

Bad Faith – Specific Cased Sponsorship of adopted children

s.4(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to adoptions referred to in paragraph 117(1)(g) and subsections 117(2) and (4).

Bad Faith – New Relationship

s.4.1 For the purposes of these Regulations, a foreign national shall not be considered a spouse, a common-law partner or a conjugal partner of a person if the foreign national has begun a new conjugal relationship with that person after a previous marriage, common-law partnership or conjugal partnership with that person was dissolved primarily so that the foreign national, another foreign national or the sponsor could acquire any status or privilege under the Act.

Member of Family Class

s.117(1) A foreign national is a member of the family class if, with respect to a sponsor, the foreign national is

(a) the sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner;

(b) a dependent child of the sponsor;

(c) the sponsor’s mother or father;

(d) the mother or father of the sponsor’s mother or father;

(e) [Repealed, SOR/2005-61, s. 3]

(f) a person whose parents are deceased, who is under 18 years of age, who is not a spouse or common-law partner and who is

(i) a child of the sponsor’s mother or father,

(ii) a child of a child of the sponsor’s mother or father, or

(iii) a child of the sponsor’s child;

(g) a person under 18 years of age whom the sponsor intends to adopt in Canada if

(i) the adoption is not being entered into primarily for the purpose of acquiring any status or privilege under the Act,

(ii) where the adoption is an international adoption and the country in which the person resides and their province of intended destination are parties to the Hague Convention on Adoption, the competent authority of the country and of the province have approved the adoption in writing as conforming to that Convention, and

(iii) where the adoption is an international adoption and either the country in which the person resides or the person’s province of intended destination is not a party to the Hague Convention on Adoption

(A) the person has been placed for adoption in the country in which they reside or is otherwise legally available in that country for adoption and there is no evidence that the intended adoption is for the purpose of child trafficking or undue gain within the meaning of the Hague Convention on Adoption, and

(B) the competent authority of the person’s province of intended destination has stated in writing that it does not object to the adoption; or

(h) a relative of the sponsor, regardless of age, if the sponsor does not have a spouse, a common-law partner, a conjugal partner, a child, a mother or father, a relative who is a child of that mother or father, a relative who is a child of a child of that mother or father, a mother or father of that mother or father or a relative who is a child of the mother or father of that mother or father

(i) who is a Canadian citizen, Indian or permanent resident, or

(ii) whose application to enter and remain in Canada as a permanent resident the sponsor may otherwise sponsor.

Adoption — under 18

s.117(2) A foreign national who is the adopted child of a sponsor and whose adoption took place when the child was under the age of 18 shall not be considered a member of the family class by virtue of the adoption unless

(a) the adoption was in the best interests of the child within the meaning of the Hague Convention on Adoption; and

(b) the adoption was not entered into primarily for the purpose of acquiring any status or privilege under the Act.

Best interests of the child

s.117(3) The adoption referred to in subsection (2) is considered to be in the best interests of a child if it took place under the following circumstances:

(a) a competent authority has conducted or approved a home study of the adoptive parents;

(b) before the adoption, the child’s parents gave their free and informed consent to the child’s adoption;

(c) the adoption created a genuine parent-child relationship;

(d) the adoption was in accordance with the laws of the place where the adoption took place;

(e) the adoption was in accordance with the laws of the sponsor’s place of residence and, if the sponsor resided in Canada at the time the adoption took place, the competent authority of the child’s province of intended destination has stated in writing that it does not object to the adoption;

(f) if the adoption is an international adoption and the country in which the adoption took place and the child’s province of intended destination are parties to the Hague Convention on Adoption, the competent authority of the country and of the province have stated in writing that they approve the adoption as conforming to that Convention; and

(g) if the adoption is an international adoption and either the country in which the adoption took place or the child’s province of intended destination is not a party to the Hague Convention on Adoption, there is no evidence that the adoption is for the purpose of child trafficking or undue gain within the meaning of that Convention.

Adoption — over 18

s.117(4) A foreign national who is the adopted child of a sponsor and whose adoption took place when the child was 18 years of age or older shall not be considered a member of the family class by virtue of that adoption unless it took place under the following circumstances:

(a) the adoption was in accordance with the laws of the place where the adoption took place and, if the sponsor resided in Canada at the time of the adoption, the adoption was in accordance with the laws of the province where the sponsor then resided, if any, that applied in respect of the adoption of a child 18 years of age or older;

(b) a genuine parent-child relationship existed at the time of the adoption and existed before the child reached the age of 18; and

(c) the adoption was not entered into primarily for the purpose of acquiring any status or privilege under the Act.

Provincial statement

s.117(7) If a statement referred to in clause (1)(g)(iii)(B) or paragraph (3)(e) or (f) has been provided to an officer by the competent authority of the foreign national’s province of intended destination, that statement is, except in the case of an adoption that was entered into primarily for the purpose of acquiring any status or privilege under the Act, conclusive evidence that the foreign national meets the following applicable requirements:

(a) [Repealed, SOR/2005-61, s. 3]

(b) in the case of a person referred to in paragraph (1)(g), the requirements set out in clause (1)(g)(iii)(A); and

(c) in the case of a person referred to in paragraph (1)(b) who is an adopted child described in subsection (2), the requirements set out in paragraphs (3)(a) to (e) and (g).

New evidence

s.117(8) If, after the statement is provided to the officer, the officer receives evidence that the foreign national does not meet the applicable requirements set out in paragraph (7)(b) or (c) for becoming a member of the family class, the processing of their application shall be suspended until the officer provides that evidence to the competent authority of the province and that authority confirms or revises its statement.

Excluded relationships

s.117(9) A foreign national shall not be considered a member of the family class by virtue of their relationship to a sponsor if

(a) the foreign national is the sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner and is under 16 years of age;

(b) the foreign national is the sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner, the sponsor has an existing sponsorship undertaking in respect of a spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner and the period referred to in subsection 132(1) in respect of that undertaking has not ended;

(c) the foreign national is the sponsor’s spouse and

(i) the sponsor or the foreign national was, at the time of their marriage, the spouse of another person, or

(ii) the sponsor has lived separate and apart from the foreign national for at least one year and

(A) the sponsor is the common-law partner of another person or the sponsor has a conjugal partner, or

(B) the foreign national is the common-law partner of another person or the conjugal partner of another sponsor; or

(d) subject to subsection (10), the sponsor previously made an application for permanent residence and became a permanent resident and, at the time of that application, the foreign national was a non-accompanying family member of the sponsor and was not examined.

Exception

s.117(10) Subject to subsection (11), paragraph (9)(d) does not apply in respect of a foreign national referred to in that paragraph who was not examined because an officer determined that they were not required by the Act or the former Act, as applicable, to be examined.

Application of par. (9)(d)

s.117(11) Paragraph (9)(d) applies in respect of a foreign national referred to in subsection (10) if an officer determines that, at the time of the application referred to in that paragraph,

(a) the sponsor was informed that the foreign national could be examined and the sponsor was able to make the foreign national available for examination but did not do so or the foreign national did not appear for examination; or

(b) the foreign national was the sponsor’s spouse, was living separate and apart from the sponsor and was not examined.

Medical condition

s.118 A foreign national who is an adopted dependent child or is a person referred to in paragraph 117(1)(f) or (g) shall not be issued a permanent resident visa as a member of the family class unless the sponsor has provided a statement in writing confirming that they have obtained information about the medical condition of the child or of the foreign national.

Withdrawal of sponsorship application

s.119 A decision shall not be made on an application for a permanent resident visa by a member of the family class if the sponsor withdraws their sponsorship application in respect of that member.

Approved sponsorship application

s.120 For the purposes of Part 5,

(a) a permanent resident visa shall not be issued to a foreign national who makes an application as a member of the family class or to their accompanying family members unless a sponsorship undertaking in respect of the foreign national and those family members is in effect; and

(b) a foreign national who makes an application as a member of the family class and their accompanying family members shall not become permanent residents unless a sponsorship undertaking in respect of the foreign national and those family members is in effect and the sponsor who gave that undertaking still meets the requirements of section 133 and, if applicable, section 137.

Requirements for Sponsorship

s.121 The requirements with respect to a person who is a member of the family class or a family member of a member of the family class who makes an application under Division 6 of Part 5 are the following:

(a) the person is a family member of the applicant or of the sponsor both at the time the application is made and, without taking into account whether the person has attained 22 years of age, at the time of the determination of the application;

Requirements for accompanying family members

s.122 A foreign national who is an accompanying family member of a person who makes an application as a member of the family class shall become a permanent resident if, following an examination, it is established that

(a) the person who made the application has become a permanent resident; and

(b) the family member is not inadmissible.

Sponsor – Who May Sponsor

s.130(1) Subject to subsection (2), a sponsor, for the purpose of sponsoring a foreign national who makes an application for a permanent resident visa as a member of the family class or an application to remain in Canada as a member of the spouse or common-law partner in Canada class under subsection 13(1) of the Act, must be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident who

(a) is at least 18 years of age;

(b) resides in Canada; and

(c) has filed a sponsorship application in respect of a member of the family class or the spouse or common-law partner in Canada class in accordance with section 10.

Sponsor not residing in Canada

s.130(2) A sponsor who is a Canadian citizen and does not reside in Canada may sponsor an application referred to in subsection (1) by their spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner or dependent child who has no dependent children if the sponsor will reside in Canada when the applicant becomes a permanent resident.

Sponsorship undertaking

s.131 The sponsor’s undertaking shall be given

(a) to the Minister; or

(b) if the sponsor resides in a province that has entered into an agreement referred to in subsection 8(1) of the Act that enables the province to determine and apply financial criteria with respect to sponsorship and the administration of sponsorship undertakings, to the competent authority of the province.

Undertaking — duration

s.132(1) Subject to subsection (2), the sponsor’s undertaking obliges the sponsor to reimburse Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province for every benefit provided as social assistance to or on behalf of the sponsored foreign national and their family members during the period

(a) beginning

(i) if the foreign national enters Canada with a temporary resident permit, on the day of that entry,

(ii) if the foreign national is in Canada, on the day on which the foreign national obtains a temporary resident permit following an application to remain in Canada as a permanent resident, and

(iii) in any other case, on the day on which the foreign national becomes a permanent resident; and

(b) ending

(i) if the foreign national is the sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner, on the last day of the period of three years following the day on which the foreign national becomes a permanent resident,

(ii) if the foreign national is a dependent child of the sponsor or of the sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner or is a person referred to in paragraph 117(1)(g), and is less than 22 years of age when they become a permanent resident, on the earlier of

(A) the last day of the period of 10 years following the day on which the foreign national becomes a permanent resident, and

(B) the day on which the foreign national reaches 25 years of age,

(iii) if the foreign national is a dependent child of the sponsor or of the sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner and is 22 years of age or older when they become a permanent resident, on the last day of the period of three years following the day on which the foreign national becomes a permanent resident; and

(iv) if the foreign national is a person other than a person referred to in subparagraph (i), (ii) or (iii), on the last day of the period of 10 years following the day on which the foreign national becomes a permanent resident.

Undertaking to province — duration

s.132(2) In the case of an undertaking to a competent authority of a province referred to in paragraph 131(b), the period referred to in subsection (1) shall end not later than

(a) if the foreign national is a dependent child and is less than 22 years of age on the day on which they become a permanent resident, the later of

(i) the day on which they reach 22 years of age, and

(ii) the last day of the period of 10 years following the day they become a permanent resident; and

(b) if the foreign national is a person other than a dependent child and is less than 22 years of age on the day on which they become a permanent resident, on the last day of the period of 10 years following the day on which the foreign national becomes a permanent resident.

Undertaking to province — alternate duration

s.132(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), the period referred to in subsection (1) shall end on the day provided for by the laws of the province if that day is earlier than the later of the days referred to in subsection (2).

Agreement – Sponsorship Undertaking

s.132(4) Subject to paragraph 137(c), if the person is to be sponsored as a member of the family class or of the spouse or common-law partner in Canada class and is at least 22 years of age, or is less than 22 years of age and is the sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner, the sponsor, the co-signer, if any, and the person must, before the sponsorship application is approved, enter into a written agreement that includes

(a) a statement by the sponsor and the co-signer, if any, that they will provide for the basic requirements of the person and their accompanying family members during the applicable period referred to in subsection (1);

(b) a declaration by the sponsor and the co-signer, if any, that their financial obligations do not prevent them from honouring their agreement with the person and their undertaking to the Minister in respect of the person’s application; and

(c) a statement by the person that they will make every reasonable effort to provide for their own basic requirements as well as those of their accompanying family members.

Co-signature — undertaking

s.132(5) Subject to paragraph 137(c), the sponsor’s undertaking may be co-signed by the spouse or common-law partner of the sponsor if the spouse or common-law partner meets the requirements set out in subsection 130(1), except paragraph 130(1)(c), and those set out in subsection 133(1), except paragraph 133(1)(a), and, in that case,

(a) the sponsor’s income shall be calculated in accordance with paragraph 134(1)(b) or (c); and

(b) the co-signing spouse or common-law partner is jointly and severally or solidarily bound with the sponsor to perform the obligations in the undertaking and is jointly and severally or solidarily liable with the sponsor for any breach of those obligations.

Requirements for sponsor

s.133(1) A sponsorship application shall only be approved by an officer if, on the day on which the application was filed and from that day until the day a decision is made with respect to the application, there is evidence that the sponsor

(a) is a sponsor as described in section 130;

(b) intends to fulfil the obligations in the sponsorship undertaking;

(c) is not subject to a removal order;

(d) is not detained in any penitentiary, jail, reformatory or prison;

(e) has not been convicted under the Criminal Code of

(i) an offence of a sexual nature, or an attempt or a threat to commit such an offence, against any person, or

(ii) an offence that results in bodily harm, as defined in section 2 of the Criminal Code, to any of the following persons or an attempt or a threat to commit such an offence against any of the following persons, namely,

(A) a relative of the sponsor, including a dependent child or other family member of the sponsor,

(B) a relative of the sponsor’s spouse or of the sponsor’s common-law partner, including a dependent child or other family member of the sponsor’s spouse or of the sponsor’s common-law partner, or

(C) the conjugal partner of the sponsor or a relative of that conjugal partner, including a dependent child or other family member of that conjugal partner;

(f) has not been convicted outside Canada of an offence that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence referred to in paragraph (e);

(g) subject to paragraph 137(c), is not in default of

(i) any undertaking, or

(ii) any support payment obligations ordered by a court;

(h) is not in default in respect of the repayment of any debt referred to in subsection 145(1) of the Act payable to Her Majesty in right of Canada;

(i) subject to paragraph 137(c), is not an undischarged bankrupt under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act;

(j) if the sponsor resides

(i) in a province other than a province referred to in paragraph 131(b), has a total income that is at least equal to the minimum necessary income, and

(ii) in a province referred to in paragraph 131(b), is able, within the meaning of the laws of that province and as determined by the competent authority of that province, to fulfill the undertaking referred to in that paragraph; and

(k) is not in receipt of social assistance for a reason other than disability.

Exception — conviction in Canada

s.133(2) Despite paragraph (1)(e), a sponsorship application may not be refused

(a) on the basis of a conviction in Canada in respect of which a pardon has been granted and has not ceased to have effect or been revoked under the Criminal Records Act, or in respect of which there has been a final determination of an acquittal; or

(b) if a period of five years or more has elapsed since the completion of the sentence imposed for an offence in Canada referred to in paragraph (1)(e).

Exception — conviction outside Canada

s.133(3) Despite paragraph (1)(f), a sponsorship application may not be refused

(a) on the basis of a conviction outside Canada in respect of which there has been a final determination of an acquittal; or

(b) if a period of five years or more has elapsed since the completion of the sentence imposed for an offence outside Canada referred to in that paragraph and the sponsor has demonstrated that they have been rehabilitated.

Exception to minimum necessary income

s.133(4) Paragraph (1)(j) does not apply if the sponsored person is

(a) the sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner and has no dependent children;

(b) the sponsor’s spouse, common-law partner or conjugal partner and has a dependent child who has no dependent children; or

(c) a dependent child of the sponsor who has no dependent children or a person referred to in paragraph 117(1)(g).

Adopted sponsor

s.133(5) A person who is adopted outside Canada and whose adoption is subsequently revoked by a foreign authority or by a court in Canada of competent jurisdiction may sponsor an application for a permanent resident visa that is made by a member of the family class only if the revocation of the adoption was not obtained for the purpose of sponsoring that application.

Income calculation rules – Sponsorship

s.134(1) For the purpose of subparagraph 133(1)(j)(i), the total income of the sponsor shall be determined in accordance with the following rules:

(a) the sponsor’s income shall be calculated on the basis of the last notice of assessment, or an equivalent document, issued by the Minister of National Revenue in respect of the most recent taxation year preceding the date of filing of the sponsorship application;

(b) if the sponsor produces a document referred to in paragraph (a), the sponsor’s income is the income earned as reported in that document less the amounts referred to in subparagraphs (c)(i) to (v);

(c) if the sponsor does not produce a document referred to in paragraph (a), or if the sponsor’s income as calculated under paragraph (b) is less than their minimum necessary income, the sponsor’s Canadian income for the 12-month period preceding the date of filing of the sponsorship application is the income earned by the sponsor not including

(i) any provincial allowance received by the sponsor for a program of instruction or training,

(ii) any social assistance received by the sponsor from a province,

(iii) any financial assistance received by the sponsor from the Government of Canada under a resettlement assistance program,

(iv) any amounts paid to the sponsor under the Employment Insurance Act, other than special benefits,

(v) any monthly guaranteed income supplement paid to the sponsor under the Old Age Security Act, and

(vi) any Canada child tax benefit paid to the sponsor under the Income Tax Act; and

(d) if there is a co-signer, the income of the co-signer, as calculated in accordance with paragraphs (a) to (c), with any modifications that the circumstances require, shall be included in the calculation of the sponsor’s income.

Change in circumstances

s134(2) If an officer receives information indicating that the sponsor is no longer able to fulfil the sponsorship undertaking, the Canadian income of the sponsor shall be calculated in accordance with paragraph (1)(c) on the basis of the 12-month period preceding the day the officer receives that information rather than the 12-month period referred to in that paragraph.

Default – Sponsorship

s.135 For the purpose of subparagraph 133(1)(g)(i), the default of a sponsorship undertaking

(a) begins when

(i) a government makes a payment that the sponsor has in the undertaking promised to repay, or

(ii) an obligation set out in the undertaking is breached; and

(b) ends, as the case may be, when

(i) the sponsor reimburses the government concerned, in full or in accordance with an agreement with that government, for amounts paid by it, or

(ii) the sponsor ceases to be in breach of the obligation set out in the undertaking.

Suspension during proceedings against sponsor or co-signer

s.136(1) If any of the following proceedings are brought against a sponsor or co-signer, the sponsorship application shall not be processed until there has been a final determination of the proceeding:

(a) an application for revocation of citizenship under the Citizenship Act;

(b) a report prepared under subsection 44(1) of the Act; or

(c) a charge alleging the commission of an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years.

Suspension during appeal by sponsor or co-signer

s.136(2) If a sponsor or co-signer has made an appeal under subsection 63(4) of the Act, the sponsorship application shall not be processed until the period for making the appeal has expired or there has been a final determination of the appeal.

Undertaking — Province of Quebec

s.137 If the sponsor resides in the Province of Quebec, the government of which has entered into an agreement referred to in paragraph 131(b),

(a) the sponsor’s undertaking, given in accordance with section 131, is the undertaking required by An Act respecting immigration to Québec, R.S.Q., c.I-0.2, as amended from time to time;

(b) an officer shall approve the sponsorship application only if there is evidence that the competent authority of the Province has determined that the sponsor, on the day the undertaking was given as well as on the day a decision was made with respect to the application, was able to fulfill the undertaking; and

(c) subsections 132(4) and (5) and paragraphs 133(1)(g) and (i) do not apply.

Note: The above is an unofficial list and may contain errors. Please consult official websites as well [Disclaimer].

 

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“This article provides information of a general nature only. It may no longer be current. It does not provide legal advice nor should it be relied upon. If you have specific legal questions you should consult a lawyer.”